The internet, also known as the World Wide Web, is a global network of interconnected computers and servers that communicate with each other. It is used in nearly every part of our lives, but have you ever wondered how it was created?
The internet has its roots in the Cold War era of the 1950s, when the United States government began funding research into new technologies for communication and information sharing. The first iteration of the internet was called ARPANET, which stood for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. ARPANET was developed by the United States Department of Defense as a way to connect government researchers and scientists in different locations. The first message sent over ARPANET was sent in 1969, and by the early 1970s, the network had grown to include dozens of universities and research institutions.
As ARPANET grew in popularity, a new set of communication protocols called TCP/IP was developed to standardize the way that different computers on the network communicated with each other. This allowed for the creation of a truly global network of interconnected computers, which came to be known as the internet.
In the 1980s, the internet become much more widely available, and its use skyrocketed. The development of the World Wide Web, a system for publishing and accessing information on the internet, made it much easier for people to find and use information online. The first website, hosted by CERN, went online in 1991. The rapid growth of the internet during this time led to the development of new technologies and innovations, such as search engines, online shopping, and social media.
Today, the internet is an integral part of daily life for billions of people around the world. It's used for communication, entertainment, research, education: nearly every part of our lives.